TAKEOFF AND LANDING

TYPES OF AIRFIELDS:
1. SUITABLE - no obstructions in the shaded area of diagrams in 55-141 & meets all other criteria as est. by AMC (length, width, etc.)
2. APPROVED - does not meet all the criteria as est. by AMC, but is considered safe to use when AC has been advised of any deviations.
3. CERTIFICATION - due to unique hazards/operating procedures, the AC must have previously operated into that airfield within the past 2 yrs. as a pilot, CP, or observer who actively monitored the approach. (Lapaz & Guantanamo Bay) (Airfield Suitability and Restriction Report)
WEATHER MINIMUMS:
Operational Mission RVR 1000 (all 3), other missions RVR 1600, if no RVR then 1/2 mile for all missions.

TAKEOFF AND LANDING POLICIES/PROCEDURES: (A/5-2)

The pilot in command will occupy either the left or right seat during all takeoffs and landings. EXCEPTION: SOLL II AC upgrade.

The pilot in command will decide which pilot performs the takeoff/landing after a thorough analysis of the situation.

An IP or FE may takeoff or land from either seat except for actual CAT II ILS approaches. A qualified AC, IP, or FE will be in the left seat for actual CAT II ILS approaches.
AC's with less than 100 hours in command will perform all takeoffs and landings from the left seat, but may allow AC's (or higher) to perform takeoffs and landings when required for currency.
AT CERTIFICATION OR APPROVED AIRFIELDS: (Airfield Suitability and Restriction Report [ASSR])
A qualified AC or AC upgrade will make all takeoffs/landings from the left seat. IP's and FE's may takeoff/land from either seat.
At the discretion of the IP, FP's on line training missions may make takeoffs/landings at fields approved solely because of runway obstacles.
If an approval is based on taxi restrictions ("**" designation), not landing restrictions, copilots may takeoff/land from the right seat. The AC must be in the left seat for all taxi operations off the runway.

COPILOT TAKEOFF AND LANDING POLICY: (A/5-2)

IP's & FE's may allow copilots to takeoff/land from either seat.
AC's with more than 100 hours in command may allow first pilots and above to perform takeoffs/landings from either seat.

MISC.:

If the runway is wet or icy, takeoff or landing shall not be made in the "caution zone" ( of the crosswind limit chart).
Takeoff in the "NOT RECOMMENDED" ZONE shall not be attempted.  (P/3-19)
Do not takeoff if evidence of a microburst is reported or observed. (D/2-63)
Minimum runway for takeoff: CFL, but not less than 6000' (or 5000' with NAF waiver). (A/5-3)
Minimum runway width: 98 ft./30m (A/5-3)
Do not takeoff on wet or icy runway with the spoilers deactivated due to unsafe rejected takeoff situations.   (M-6)
Takeoff shall not be attempted with a crossfeed valve failed in the open position. (D/3-85)
If visible moisture is present and the OAT is 8 C or below, the engines should be operated at a high thrust setting for 10 sec. every 10 min. to prevent ice buildup on the eng. inlet components. If surface conditions preclude advancing engines to at least 70% N2, do not take off.  (D/7-12)
*Takeoffs will not be attempted with over 1/2" of wet snow, slush, and/or water, or 3" of dry snow on the runway. All accumulations of snow, ice, and frost must be removed from the control surfaces. If freezing precipitation is present, a final visual check of the aircraft/wing surfaces will be made just before takeoff (within 5 minutes) by opening the #1 hatch and scanning the top of the wings to determine if the surfaces are still free of ice. Up to 1/8 inch of frost on the fuselage and/or wing fuel tanks is ok. (D/7-10,12,13)

TYPES OF TAKEOFFS

A. TRT SET PRIOR TO BRAKE RELEASE

1. Gross wt. limited by CFL (P/3-5)(D/2-62)
2. Gross wt. limited by obstacle (P/3-5)(D/2-62)
3. Abnormal configuration
a. No-flap takeoff (D/3-96)
b. 3-engine takeoff (set TRT on symmetrical engines prior to brake release) (D/3-94)
4. Noise abatement ( reduced EPR is OK, just set prior to brake release) (D/2-64,2-95; A/10-9)

B. TRT, STANDING (70% N1, then brake release)

1. When using the "alternate method" for obstacle clearance. (See-and-avoid, 3 miles vis.)(See FCIF & FCBs for latest info A/6-6)

C. STANDING

1. SPLIT MARKERS (Vr, Vrot) (D/2-63)
2. ICING CONDITIONS
Prior to brake release, slowly advance throttles toward 70% N2 for 10 sec. to shed ice from the inlet components; if skidding occurs before 70% N1, release brakes and continue the takeoff. If ice remains visible at eng. inlet guide vanes, do not take off. (D/7-13)

D. ROLLING

Permitted whenever Vr > Vrot. (i.e., you don't have split markers or limiting factors such as an obstacle, gross weight, or weather (icing)). May be made from the right seat after the a/c is aligned on the runway, stopped, and control transferred to the copilot. (D/2-63)

E. USE A TRT POWER SETTING IF:

Aircraft GW is limited by CFL, obstacle clearance, 3-eng. climb gradient or if windshear, or a gust front from a thunderstorm/CB is anticipated. (P/3-5)
If wind-shear or microburst phenomena are forecast or likely to occur. (D/2-63)
Do not take off if evidence of a microburst is reported or observed. (D/2-63)
A reduced EPR takeoff is preferred use whenever max. a/c capability is not required. Never less than 1.60. (Equal to TRT - 0.15.) (P/2-2)

INTERSECTION TAKEOFFS

Takeoffs should be initiated from the beginning of the approved useable portion of the runway. The decision to make intersection takeoffs rests solely with the aircraft commander.  AC's may make intersection takeoffs provided the operating environment (for ex., gross wt, obstructions, climb criteria, wx, etc.) would allow a safe departure. When less than the entire runway is used, TOLD card computations will be based on the actual runway remaining from the point at which the takeoff is initiated. (A/5-4,6-11)

GUST CORRECTIONS

Increase rotate speed by the amount of the gust up to a maximum of 10 knots.  If GO speed is based on rotation speed, it will also be increased.  GO speed must never be increased above refusal speed, max. braking speed, or 147 KCAS. The copilot sets GO speed with his command marker; the pilot sets rotate speed.  (D/2-63) (If "split markers" ensure that Vmcg < GO speed.)

ABORT PROCEDURES

If any crew member notes an unsafe condition before GO speed, state "REJECT".  The final decision to reject shall be made by the pilot.
1. Retard all throttles to REV IDLE and state "Spoilers".
2. Use symmetrical reverse thrust.
3.  Apply brakes.
4.  Determine reason for abort and take corrective action.
5.  Refer to Brake Limitations section. If greater than 6 million ft-lbs., comply with the limitations. (D/3-9)
6.  Accomplish the AFTER LANDING CHECKLIST.