TAKEOFF AND LANDING
TYPES OF AIRFIELDS:
1. SUITABLE - no obstructions in the shaded area of diagrams in 55-141
& meets all other criteria as est. by AMC (length, width, etc.)
2. APPROVED - does not meet all the criteria as est. by AMC, but is
considered safe to use when AC has been advised of any deviations.
3. CERTIFICATION - due to unique hazards/operating procedures, the AC
must have previously operated into that airfield within the past 2 yrs. as
a pilot, CP, or observer who actively monitored the approach. (Lapaz &
Guantanamo Bay) (Airfield Suitability and Restriction Report)
Operational Mission RVR 1000 (all 3), other missions RVR 1600, if no RVR
then 1/2 mile for all missions.
TAKEOFF AND LANDING POLICIES/PROCEDURES:
The pilot in command will occupy either the left or right seat during
all takeoffs and landings. EXCEPTION: SOLL II AC upgrade.
The pilot in command will decide which pilot performs the
takeoff/landing after a thorough analysis of the situation.
An IP or FE may takeoff or land from either seat except for actual CAT
II ILS approaches. A qualified AC, IP, or FE will be in the left seat for
actual CAT II ILS approaches.
AC's with less than 100 hours in command will perform all takeoffs and
landings from the left seat, but may allow AC's (or higher) to perform
takeoffs and landings when required for currency.
AT CERTIFICATION OR APPROVED AIRFIELDS: (Airfield Suitability
and Restriction Report [ASSR])
A qualified AC or AC upgrade will make all takeoffs/landings from the
left seat. IP's and FE's may takeoff/land from either seat.
At the discretion of the IP, FP's on line training missions may make
takeoffs/landings at fields approved solely because of runway
If an approval is based on taxi restrictions ("**" designation), not
landing restrictions, copilots may takeoff/land from the right seat. The
AC must be in the left seat for all taxi operations off the runway.
COPILOT TAKEOFF AND LANDING POLICY: (A/5-2)
IP's & FE's may allow copilots to takeoff/land from either
AC's with more than 100 hours in command may allow first pilots and
above to perform takeoffs/landings from either seat.
If the runway is wet or icy, takeoff or landing shall not be made in
the "caution zone" ( of the crosswind limit chart).
Takeoff in the "NOT RECOMMENDED" ZONE shall not be attempted.
Do not takeoff if evidence of a microburst is reported or observed.
Minimum runway for takeoff: CFL, but not less than 6000' (or
with NAF waiver). (A/5-3)
Minimum runway width: 98 ft./30m (A/5-3)
Do not takeoff on wet or icy runway with the spoilers deactivated due
to unsafe rejected takeoff situations. (M-6)
Takeoff shall not be attempted with a crossfeed valve failed in the
open position. (D/3-85)
If visible moisture is present and the OAT is 8° C or below, the
engines should be operated at a high thrust setting for 10 sec. every 10
min. to prevent ice buildup on the eng. inlet components. If surface
conditions preclude advancing engines to at least 70% N2, do not take
*Takeoffs will not be attempted with over 1/2" of wet snow, slush,
and/or water, or 3" of dry snow on the runway. All accumulations of snow,
ice, and frost must be removed from the control surfaces. If freezing
precipitation is present, a final visual check of the aircraft/wing
surfaces will be made just before takeoff (within 5 minutes) by opening
the #1 hatch and scanning the top of the wings to determine if the
surfaces are still free of ice. Up to 1/8 inch of frost on the
fuselage and/or wing fuel tanks is ok. (D/7-10,12,13)
A. TRT SET PRIOR TO BRAKE RELEASE
1. Gross wt. limited by CFL (P/3-5)(D/2-62)
2. Gross wt. limited by obstacle (P/3-5)(D/2-62)
3. Abnormal configuration
a. No-flap takeoff (D/3-96)
b. 3-engine takeoff (set TRT on symmetrical engines prior to brake
4. Noise abatement ( reduced EPR is OK, just set prior to brake
release) (D/2-64,2-95; A/10-9)
B. TRT, STANDING (70% N1, then brake release)
1. When using the "alternate method" for obstacle clearance.
(See-and-avoid, 3 miles vis.)(See FCIF & FCBs for latest info
1. SPLIT MARKERS (Vr, Vrot) (D/2-63)
2. ICING CONDITIONS
Prior to brake release, slowly advance throttles toward 70% N2 for 10
sec. to shed ice from the inlet components; if skidding occurs before 70%
N1, release brakes and continue the takeoff. If ice remains visible at
eng. inlet guide vanes, do not take off. (D/7-13)
Permitted whenever Vr > Vrot. (i.e., you don't have split markers
or limiting factors such as an obstacle, gross weight, or weather
(icing)). May be made from the right seat after the a/c is aligned on the
runway, stopped, and control transferred to the copilot. (D/2-63)
E. USE A TRT POWER SETTING IF:
Aircraft GW is limited by CFL, obstacle clearance, 3-eng. climb
gradient or if windshear, or a gust front from a thunderstorm/CB is
If wind-shear or microburst phenomena are forecast or likely to occur.
Do not take off if evidence of a microburst is reported or observed.
A reduced EPR takeoff is preferred use whenever max. a/c capability is
not required. Never less than 1.60. (Equal to TRT - 0.15.) (P/2-2)
Takeoffs should be initiated from the beginning of the approved
useable portion of the runway. The decision to make intersection takeoffs
rests solely with the aircraft commander. AC's may make intersection
takeoffs provided the operating environment (for ex., gross wt,
obstructions, climb criteria, wx, etc.) would allow a safe departure.
When less than the entire runway is used, TOLD card computations will be
based on the actual runway remaining from the point at which the takeoff
is initiated. (A/5-4,6-11)
Increase rotate speed by the amount of the gust up to a maximum of 10
knots. If GO speed is based on rotation speed, it will also be
increased. GO speed must never be increased above refusal speed,
max. braking speed, or 147 KCAS. The copilot sets GO speed with his
command marker; the pilot sets rotate speed. (D/2-63) (If "split
markers" ensure that Vmcg < GO speed.)
If any crew member notes an unsafe condition before GO speed, state
"REJECT". The final decision to reject shall be made by the
1. Retard all throttles to REV IDLE and state "Spoilers".
2. Use symmetrical reverse thrust.
3. Apply brakes.
4. Determine reason for abort and take corrective action.
5. Refer to Brake Limitations section. If greater than 6
million ft-lbs., comply with the limitations. (D/3-9)
6. Accomplish the AFTER LANDING CHECKLIST.