5e3 Cascade Channel Mod
By Rob Robinette
I wanted a Marshall style lead 'Gain Channel' for my Fender 5E3 Tweed Deluxe kit amp. This simple mod is like having a built-in all tube overdrive pedal. It reroutes the Normal channel after it goes through the V1A preamp tube into the Bright channel to cascade their gain stages together. The result is the Normal channel becomes a 'Gain' channel who's gain is controlled by a dedicated 'Gain' preamp volume control so you can dial in as much tube overdrive as you want.
The cool thing is you can dial in tube overdrive even at very low Master volume levels. Also the Bright Channel is completely unchanged--it sounds exactly the same after this mod so you can still get all the sweet 5e3 Deluxe tone you need. There's even a switch option shown below so you can switch between a completely 'normal' 5E3 and this cascade mod. The Cascade Channel mod is simple to do and simple to reverse if you ever want to go back.
5E3P Proluxe With Cascaded Channels
Changes in red. Normal Channel is rerouted to Bright Hi input jack switch terminal. Normal Volume pot becomes 'Gain' Volume. V1A and B's cathodes must be separated by installing a 1.5k ohm cathode resistor and one or two 22µF cathode resistor bypass capacitors on V1A and V1B's cathodes (pins 3 & 8). The Gain Volume pot uses pin 3 for input and the wiper for output. A 680k ohm resistor is added to pin 3 to limit Gain Channel gain.
Click on the image above for the full size layout. Changes are shown in 'Puke' Green. 'Gain' Channel gets amplified by V1A then feeds into the Bright Channel. The Normal Volume control becomes the Gain control and the Bright Volume control becomes the Master Volume. Notice the V1 cathode bias resistors and caps at the far right of the circuit board. To separate V1A and B's cathodes you must change the existing cathode resistor from 870 ohms to 1.5k and install an additional 1.5k cathode resistor (a 22µF 25v bypass cap is optional for V1A as the extra gain it gives isn't needed). You must cut or remove the jumper on socket V1 between the cathodes (pins 3 and 8). You can download the editable DIYLC (DIY Layout Creator) layout file here: images\Guitar\5E3P_Build\5e3p_Tube_Guitar_Amplifier_Cascade_Inputs_Coax.diy
When using the Bright Hi Channel simply turn down the Gain Volume and use the Master Volume and the amp will sound completely normal. The Gain Volume does effect the Bright Lo volume so use both the Gain Volume and the Master Volume to control the Bright Lo volume.
Plug into the Gain Channel and use the Gain Volume to control the overdrive and use the Master Volume to control the overall volume. The new Gain Channel has a Hi and Lo input with the Lo input having the standard 6dB less signal.
The mod entails rerouting three wires at the volume controls and separating the V1A and V1B cathode grounds.
Separated Cathode Resistors & Caps
Cascade Mod + Gain Channel Coax
Using RG-174 coax from the Gain Channel input jacks to V1A will reduce noise. Putting the 68k grid stopper resistors on the input jack will reduce the input path's exposure to noise. Do not ground the coax shield at V1A, only ground it to the Preamp Ground Bus or a Gain Channel input jack ground tab. I recommend the use of coax for the Gain Channel.
68k Grid Stopper Resistors to Coax
The coax shield is connected to the preamp ground bus bar to the right of the resistors.
Coax Connected to V1A Pin 2
Coax shield is not grounded at this end. In this picture it looks like pin 3 is shorting to pin 2 but it isn't.
An Optional Switch for Standard 5E3 Parallel or Cascaded Inputs
With switch lever left you get standard 5E3 parallel input channels. With switch right the Normal Channel cascades into the Bright Channel for overdrive.
This ON-ON 3PDT switch will allow you to move between standard parallel 5E3 channels and cascaded overdrive. With the switch in 'Parallel' the only difference between a stock 5E3 is the separated cathode resistors on V1 which will have no impact on tone.
Parallel/Cascade Switch Installed
It's not pretty but it works great.
I'm very happy with the cascaded channel mod. I can dial in tube overdrive distortion on the Gain channel even at low Master volume levels and the Bright Hi channel is completely 5E3 Deluxe. You can also dial the Gain volume down and get a normal sounding Normal Hi and Lo tone.
Gain Channel Measurements
Signal generator 400Hz 91mv rms tone was injected into the guitar input jacks. Measurements were taken after one and two stages of amplification.
Gain - Hi Channel One Stage of Amplification
This is the 400Hz signal after going through just the Gain Channel amplification (V1A) with the Gain Volume set to max (12). Measured at Bright Hi input jack tip.
Signal gain for the Gain Channel gain stage = 0.852v rms out / 0.091v rms in = 9.36
The Gain - Lo Channel measured 0.44v rms with a signal gain of 0.44v / 0.091 = 4.8
The gain values for the Gain Channel are relatively low due to the 470k resistor placed at the Gain Volume input.
Gain - Hi Channel Measured at Master Volume Input - No Distortion
The signal has now passed through the Gain Channel and Bright Channel amplification (V1A and B) with Gain Volume at max and the Master Volume at 9. This is the max voltage before distortion set in.
Signal gain for the Gain Channel gain stage cascaded into the Normal Channel gain stage = 21.52v rms out / 0.852v rms in = 25.3
Gain - Hi Channel Measured at Master Volume Input - With Distortion
Conditions here are the same as above except the Master Volume is set to max (12). Max output dropped once distortion set in.